A C standard library for sh3eb-elf.
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/* Single-precision e^x function.
Copyright (c) 2017 Arm Ltd. All rights reserved.
SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
are met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
3. The name of the company may not be used to endorse or promote
products derived from this software without specific prior written
permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ARM LTD ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
IN NO EVENT SHALL ARM LTD BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. */
#include "fdlibm.h"
#if !__OBSOLETE_MATH
#include <math.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include "math_config.h"
/*
EXP2F_TABLE_BITS = 5
EXP2F_POLY_ORDER = 3
ULP error: 0.502 (nearest rounding.)
Relative error: 1.69 * 2^-34 in [-ln2/64, ln2/64] (before rounding.)
Wrong count: 170635 (all nearest rounding wrong results with fma.)
Non-nearest ULP error: 1 (rounded ULP error)
*/
#define N (1 << EXP2F_TABLE_BITS)
#define InvLn2N __exp2f_data.invln2_scaled
#define T __exp2f_data.tab
#define C __exp2f_data.poly_scaled
static inline uint32_t
top12 (float x)
{
return asuint (x) >> 20;
}
float
expf (float x)
{
uint32_t abstop;
uint64_t ki, t;
/* double_t for better performance on targets with FLT_EVAL_METHOD==2. */
double_t kd, xd, z, r, r2, y, s;
xd = (double_t) x;
abstop = top12 (x) & 0x7ff;
if (__builtin_expect (abstop >= top12 (88.0f), 0))
{
/* |x| >= 88 or x is nan. */
if (asuint (x) == asuint (-INFINITY))
return 0.0f;
if (abstop >= top12 (INFINITY))
return x + x;
if (x > 0x1.62e42ep6f) /* x > log(0x1p128) ~= 88.72 */
return __math_oflowf (0);
if (x < -0x1.9fe368p6f) /* x < log(0x1p-150) ~= -103.97 */
return __math_uflowf (0);
#if WANT_ERRNO_UFLOW
if (x < -0x1.9d1d9ep6f) /* x < log(0x1p-149) ~= -103.28 */
return __math_may_uflowf (0);
#endif
}
/* x*N/Ln2 = k + r with r in [-1/2, 1/2] and int k. */
z = InvLn2N * xd;
/* Round and convert z to int, the result is in [-150*N, 128*N] and
ideally ties-to-even rule is used, otherwise the magnitude of r
can be bigger which gives larger approximation error. */
#if TOINT_INTRINSICS
kd = roundtoint (z);
ki = converttoint (z);
#else
# define SHIFT __exp2f_data.shift
kd = (double) (z + SHIFT); /* Rounding to double precision is required. */
ki = asuint64 (kd);
kd -= SHIFT;
#endif
r = z - kd;
/* exp(x) = 2^(k/N) * 2^(r/N) ~= s * (C0*r^3 + C1*r^2 + C2*r + 1) */
t = T[ki % N];
t += ki << (52 - EXP2F_TABLE_BITS);
s = asdouble (t);
z = C[0] * r + C[1];
r2 = r * r;
y = C[2] * r + 1;
y = z * r2 + y;
y = y * s;
return (float) y;
}
#endif /* !__OBSOLETE_MATH */