a C standard library for fx Casio calculators
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This file describes the implementation status and some notes; information is
taken from the C99 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999), section 7 ("Library").
# Notes for implementers
7.1.2§6:
Use (extern) in all function prototypes
7.1.3§1:
Only expose standard identifiers; anything else might be defined as a macro.
Make sure every argument name, internal function name, etc. starts with
either "__" or "_X" (where X is any uppercase letter)
7.1.4§1:
Always give a function even if there is a macro definition, so that the
address of the function can be taken; don't rely on the macro being defined,
as the user can remove it except in some special cases
String functions (mainly in <string.h>) can use 4-byte accesses, and in doing
so read up to 3 bytes after the end of the string if it is not padded (which
malloc'd strings and literal strings both are, leaving only stack-allocated and
statically-allocated ones). This allows important speed optimizations. The
extra access cannot trigger memory protection because there is no valid memory
less than 4 bytes before the end of any protection region. The extra access
might trigger the UBC in very specific scenarios, but we don't really care.
# Status
In this file, every definition is classified in one of several implementation
statuses. There are 5 stages that every definition should go through.
TODO: Function/symbol/macro is not implemented/defined
BDEPS(...): Function/symbol/macro needs ... to build
LDEPS(...): Function/symbol/macro needs ... to link
TEST: Function/symbol/macro needs to be tested
DONE: Function/symbol/macro is defined, builds, links, and is tested
7.2 <assert.h>
! 7.2.1 assert: LDEPS(fprintf,stderr)
7.3 <complex.h> => OpenLibm
7.4 <ctype.h>
7.4.1 is*: DONE
7.4.2 to*: DONE
7.5 <errno.h>
7.5.2 EDOM EILSEQ ERANGE: DONE
7.6 <fenv.h> => OpenLibm
7.7 <float.h> => GCC
7.8 <inttypes.h>
! 7.8.1 PRI* macros: LDEPS(*printf)
! 7.8.1 SCN* macros: LDEPS(*scanf)
7.8.2.1 imaxabs: DONE
7.8.2.2 imaxdiv: DONE
7.8.2.3 strtoimax strtoumax: DONE
! 7.8.2.4 wcstoimax wcstoumax: TODO
7.9 <iso646.h> => GCC
7.10 <limits.h> => GCC
7.11 <locale.h>
! 7.11.1 setlocale: TEST
! 7.11.2 localeconv: TEST
7.12 <math.h> => OpenLibm
7.13 <setjmp.h>
7.13.1 setjmp: DONE
7.13.2 longjmp: DONE
7.14 <signal.h>
7.14 sig_atomic_t SIG_DFL SIG_ERR SIG_IGN: DONE
7.14 SIGABRT SIGFPE SIGILL SIGINT SIGSEGV SIGTERM: DONE
7.14.1.1 signal: DONE
7.14.1.2 raise: DONE
7.15 <stdarg.h> => GCC
7.16 <stdbool.h> => GCC
7.17 <stddef.h> => GCC
7.18 <stdint.h> => GCC
7.19 <stdio.h>
7.19.1 Introduction: TEST
TODO: Handle wide-oriented streams? (see notes)
! 7.19.4 Operations on files: TODO
! 7.19.5 File access functions: TODO
! 7.19.6 Formatted input/output functions: TODO
! 7.19.7 Character input/output functions: TODO
! 7.19.8 Direct input/output functions: TODO
! 7.19.9 File positioning functions: TODO
! 7.19.10 Error-handling functions: TODO
7.20 <stdlib.h>
7.20 RAND_MAX: DONE
! 7.20 MB_CUR_MAX: TODO
7.20.1.1 atof: DONE
7.20.1.2 atoi, atol, atoll: DONE
7.20.1.3 strtod, strtof, strtold: DONE
7.20.1.4 strtol, strtoul, strtoll, strtoull: DONE
7.20.2.1 rand: DONE
7.20.2.2 srand: DONE
7.20.3.1 calloc: DONE
7.20.3.2 free: DONE (at least gint)
7.20.3.3 malloc: DONE (at least gint)
7.20.3.4 realloc: DONE (at least gint)
7.20.4.1 abort: DONE
! 7.20.4.2 atexit: TODO
7.20.4.3 exit: DONE (missing stream flushing/closing/etc)
7.20.4.4 _Exit: DONE (gint only)
! 7.20.4.5 getenv: TODO
! 7.20.4.6 system: TODO
! 7.20.5.1 bsearch: TODO
! 7.20.5.2 qsort: TEST
7.20.6.1 abs, labs, llabs: DONE
7.20.6.2 div, ldiv, lldiv: DONE
! 7.20.7 Multibyte/wide character conversion functions: TODO
! 7.20.8 Multibyte/wide string conversion functions: TODO
7.21 <string.h>
7.21.2.1 memcpy: DONE
7.21.2.2 memmove: DONE (Unoptimized: byte-by-byte)
7.21.2.3 strcpy: DONE
7.21.2.4 strncpy: DONE
7.21.3.1 strcat: DONE
7.21.3.2 strncat: DONE
7.21.4.1 memcmp: DONE
7.21.4.2 strcmp: DONE
7.21.4.3 strcoll: DONE
7.21.4.4 strncmp: DONE
7.21.4.5 strxfrm: DONE
7.21.5.1 memchr: DONE
7.21.5.2 strchr: DONE
7.21.5.3 strcspn: DONE
7.21.5.4 strpbrk: DONE
7.21.5.5 strrchr: DONE
7.21.5.6 strspn: DONE
7.21.5.7 strstr: DONE
7.21.5.8 strtok: DONE
7.21.6.1 memset: DONE
7.21.6.2 strerror: DONE
7.21.6.3 strlen: DONE
Extensions:
- strnlen: DONE
- strchrnul: DONE
- strcasestr: DONE
- strcasecmp: DONE
- strncasecmp: DONE
- strdup: DONE
- strndup: DONE
7.22 <tgmath.h> => GCC
7.23 <time.h>
! 7.23.1 Components of time: TODO
! 7.23.2.1 clock: TODO
! 7.23.2.2 difftime: TODO
! 7.23.2.3 mktime: TODO
! 7.23.2.4 time: TODO
! 7.23.3.1 asctime: TODO
! 7.23.3.2 ctime: TODO
! 7.23.3.3 gmtime: TODO
! 7.23.3.4 localtime: TODO
! 7.23.3.5 strftime: TODO
7.24 <wchar.h>
TODO (not a priority)
7.25 <wctype.h>
TODO (not a priority)
# Supporting locales
What if we wanted to support more locales?
-> Need to a mechanism to supply the raw information, similar to the text files
in /usr/share/i18n/locales
-> Implement setlocale() and localeconv() properly (not hard)
-> Probably support nl_langinfo(), which is much better than localeconv()
-> Fix the "TODO: locale: ..." messages wherever assumptions on the locale are
made in the code
-> Properly implement strcoll() and strxfrm()
# Supporting text and binary files (newline translation)
Because of 7.19.2%1,223 we don't need to support newline translation.
# Support wide-oriented streams
This requires all the wide-char functions but also updating fpos_t to be a
structure with at least some mbstate_t member (7.19.2§6).
I really don't want to do that. Use multi-byte functions with UTF-8.