a C standard library for fx Casio calculators
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#ifndef __STDIO_H__
# define __STDIO_H__
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#define __FILE_BUF_READ 0
#define __FILE_BUF_WRITE 1
/* The FILE structure is mostly a buffer around kernel-level I/O. Most of the
work is maintaining that buffer to provide the basic fgetc()/fputc()
functions, then everything else is built on top of the abstracted stream.
The buffer of a FILE can either be in reading or writing mode. When in
reading mode, the buffer contains pre-fetched data from a previous read that
hasn't yet been requested by the user. When in writing mode, the buffer
contains data written by the user which hasn't yet been sent to the kernel.
The buffer has the following structure:
0 bufpos bufread bufsize
|xxxxxxxx|rrrrrrrrr|uuuuuuuuu| (When reading)
|wwwwwwww|uuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu| (When writing)
x: Data read from file descriptor and returned to user
r: Data read from file descriptor not yet returned to user
w: Data written by user not yet sent to file descriptor
u: Undefined
In reading mode, the region [0..bufread) contains data obtained from the
file. bufpos marks how much has been read, in the sense that [0..bufpos) has
already been returned to the user while [bufpos..bufread) has not. The offset
on the underlying file descriptor sits at bufread, so the position reported
by ftell() is fdpos - bufread + bufpos. The rest of the buffer is undefined.
In writing mode, the region [0..bufpos) contains data received through API
but not yet written to the file descriptor. ftell() reports fdpos + bufpos.
The rest of the buffer is undefined.
The ungetc() function pushes back characters into the buffer; if the FILE is
unbuffered, then it's made buffered temporarily to hold the characters and
cleared at the next fflush() or read. The buffer is put in reading mode. For
this reason, reading functions should test [fp->buf] to check whether there
is a buffer instead of [fp->bufmode != _IONBF].
Many fields in the FILE structure are abstracted away by API calls in layers:
1. [fd], [fdpos] and [error] are updated by the primitive functions of
fileutil.c which essentially wrap kernel I/O (plus clearerr() obviously).
2. [buf], [bufsize], [bufmode] and [bufowned] are handled by setbuf(),
setvbuf() and fclose().
3. [bufpos], [bufread] and [bufdir] are set by primitive read/write functions
like fgets() or fwrite(), and cleared by fflush().
4. [readable], [writable], [append] and [text] are set by fopen() and
freopen(), and used as read-only by the primitive functions of 3. */
typedef struct {
/* File descriptor */
int fd;
/* Current position in file, as tracked by the file descriptor (ie. not
accounting for buffer operations) */
size_t fdpos;
/* Pointer to buffer (NULL if _IONBF) */
char *buf;
/* Current position in buffer, water mark of read data in buffer, and
buffer size; see header comment for details */
size_t bufpos;
size_t bufread;
size_t bufsize;
/* Number of ungetc()'d characters at the start of buffer data */
int bufungetc;
/* Buffering mode; one of _IOFBF, _IOLBF, or _IONBF */
uint8_t bufmode :2;
/* We own the buffer and it needs to be freed */
uint8_t bufowned :1;
/* __FILE_BUF_READ if the buffer is in reading mode
__FILE_BUF_WRITE if it's in writing mode
This mode can only be changed immediately after fflush(). */
uint8_t bufdir :1;
/* Opening flags */
uint8_t readable :1;
uint8_t writable :1;
uint8_t append :1;
/* Non-zero if text mode, zero if binary mode */
uint8_t text :1;
/* EOF indicator */
uint8_t eof :1;
/* Error indicator */
uint8_t error :1;
/* Type of positions within files. We don't have wide-oriented streams. */
typedef size_t fpos_t;
/* Buffering modes. */
#define _IOFBF 0
#define _IOLBF 1
#define _IONBF 2
/* Some buffer size for file buffering. */
#define BUFSIZ 512
/* End-of-file marker. */
#define EOF ((int)(-1))
/* Number of files guaranteed can be opened simultaneously. */
/* TODO: FOPEN_MAX is BFile-specific, Vhex might have much larger limits. */
#define FOPEN_MAX 4
/* Recommended length of a filename. */
/* TODO: FILENAME_MAX = 128 is quite BFile-centric, Vhex might be different. */
#define FILENAME_MAX 128
/* Length a filename for tmpnam. */
#define L_tmpnam FILENAME_MAX
/* Seeking positions. */
#define SEEK_CUR 0
#define SEEK_END 1
#define SEEK_SET 2
/* Maximum number of unique filenames that tmpnam can generate. */
/* TODO: Set a useful value in TMP_MAX other than 16*16*16 */
#define TMP_MAX (16*16*16)
/* Standard input, output and error streams. */
extern FILE *stdin;
extern FILE *stdout;
extern FILE *stderr;
/* Make them macros (7.19.1§3) */
#define stdin stdin
#define stdout stdout
#define stderr stderr
** Operations on files.
/* Remove a file from the filesystem.
In gint, the file must not be open (open files' names are not tracked). */
extern int remove(char const *__filename);
** File access functions.
/* Flush the stream and disassociate it from the underlying file. */
extern int fclose(FILE *__fp);
/* Flush any written data in the FILE's internal buffer. */
extern int fflush(FILE *__fp);
/* Open a file and associate a stream with it. */
extern FILE *fopen(
char const * __restrict__ __filename,
char const * __restrict__ __mode);
/* Open a file descriptor and associate a stream with it. */
extern FILE *fdopen(int __fd, char const *__mode);
/* Reopen a stream with another file, or change its mode. */
extern FILE *freopen(
char const * __restrict__ __filename,
char const * __restrict__ __mode,
FILE * __restrict__ __fp);
/* Use __buf as a buffer (of size BUFSIZ) for access to __fp. */
extern void setbuf(FILE * __restrict__ __fp, char * __restrict__ __buf);
/* Changer the buffering mode and buffer address for __fp. */
extern int setvbuf(FILE * __restrict__ __fp, char * __restrict__ __buf,
int __mode, size_t __size);
** Formatted input/output functions.
** These functions implement most of printf(3)'s features, including:
** - Signed and unsigned integer formats (%d, %i, %o, %u, %x, %X)
** - Character, string and pointer formats (%c, %s, %p)
** - Character count and strerror() shorthand formats (%n, %m)
** - Format options (0, #, -, (space), length, precision)
** - Parameter length (hh, h, l, ll, L, z, j, t) (L: if long double is 64-bit)
** - Limiting the size of the output and still returning the whole length
** - If __printf_enable_fp() from <fxlibc/printf.h> is called: floating-point
** formats (%e, %E, %f, %F, %g, %G) (disabled by default to save space)
** They do not (yet?) support:
** - Hexadecimal floating-point (%a, %A)
** - Printing long double values when long double is more than 64-bit
** - Dynamic length field (*)
** - Parameter reordering ($m)
** - Thousands separators (') and locale-aware digits (I)
** - Nonstandard/old synonyms %C (%lc), %S (%ls), q (ll), and Z (z)
** There are extensions, namely to allow for custom conversions to be added.
** One custom conversion can be enabled with __printf_enable_fixed() from
** <fxlibc/printf.h>: a decimal fixed-point format %D which is like %d but
** with a decimal point. See <fxlibc/printf.h> for details.
/* Formatted print to file. */
extern int fprintf(FILE * __restrict__ __fp,
char const * __restrict__ __format, ...);
/* Formatted print to stdout. */
extern int printf(
char const * __restrict__ __format, ...);
/* Formatted print to string (with limited size). */
extern int snprintf(char * __restrict__ __str, size_t __size,
char const * __restrict__ __format, ...);
/* Formatted print to string (with unlimited size!). */
extern int sprintf(char * __restrict__ __str,
char const * __restrict__ __format, ...);
/* Formatted print to file (variable argument list). */
extern int vfprintf(FILE * __restrict__ __fp,
char const * __restrict__ __format, va_list __args);
/* Formatted print to stdout (variable argument list). */
extern int vprintf(
char const * __restrict__ __format, va_list __args);
/* Formatted print to string (limited size, variable argument list). */
extern int vsnprintf(char * __restrict__ __str, size_t __size,
char const * __restrict__ __format, va_list __args);
/* Formatted print to string (unlimited size!, variable argument list). */
extern int vsprintf(char * __restrict__ __str,
char const * __restrict__ __format, va_list __args);
/* putx() - display char / string */
extern int putchar(int c);
extern int puts(const char *s);
/* Extensions. */
/* Formatted print to file descriptor. */
extern int dprintf(int __fd,
char const * __restrict__ __format, ...);
/* Formatted print to file descriptor (variable argument list). */
extern int vdprintf(int __fd,
char const * __restrict__ __format, va_list __args);
/* Allocating sprintf(). */
extern int asprintf(char ** __restrict__ __str,
char const * __restrict__ __format, ...);
/* Allocating vsprintf(). */
extern int vasprintf(char ** __restrict__ __str,
char const * __restrict__ __format, va_list __args);
** Character input/output functions.
/* Read a character from a stream. */
extern int fgetc(FILE *__fp);
/* Read at most n characters from a stream, stopping after a newline. */
extern char *fgets(char * __restrict__ __s, int __n,
FILE * __restrict__ __fp);
/* Write a character to a stream. */
extern int fputc(int __c, FILE *__fp);
/* Write a string to a stream (excluding the NUL nyte). */
extern int fputs(char const * __restrict__ __s, FILE * __restrict__ __fp);
extern int getc(FILE *__fp);
#define getc fgetc
/* Get a character from stdin */
extern int getchar(void);
#define getchar() fgetc(stdin)
/* (DEPRECATED; use fgets() instead) Read a string from stdin. */
extern char *gets(char *__s);
/* Get a line from stream, with dynamic allocation */
extern ssize_t getline(char ** __restrict__ __lineptr,
size_t * __restrict__ __n, FILE * __restrict__ __fp);
/* Like getline but with [delim] instead of '\n' */
extern ssize_t getdelim(char ** __restrict__ __lineptr,
size_t * __restrict__ __n, int __delim, FILE * __restrict__ __fp);
extern int putc(int __c, FILE *__fp);
#define putc fputc
/* Write a character to stdout */
extern int putchar(int __c);
#define putchar(__c) fputc(__c, stdout)
/* Write a string to stdout, followed by a newline */
extern int puts(char const *__s);
/* Un-read a character back to the stream; only one ungetc() is guaranteed, and
the character is lost after reading, writing or flushing. */
extern int ungetc(int __c, FILE *__fp);
** Direct input/output functions.
/* Read an array of items from a stream. */
extern size_t fread(void * __restrict__ __ptr, size_t __size, size_t __nmemb,
FILE * __restrict__ __fp);
/* Write an array of items to a stream. */
extern size_t fwrite(void const * __restrict__ __ptr, size_t __size,
size_t __nmemb, FILE * __restrict__ __fp);
** File positioning functions.
/* Get current position (same as ftell() unless wide-oriented). */
extern int fgetpos(FILE * __restrict__ __fp, fpos_t * __restrict__ __pos);
/* Set the current position. */
extern int fseek(FILE *__fp, long __offset, int __whence);
/* Restore the position to a value returned by fgetpos(). */
extern int fsetpos(FILE *__fp, fpos_t const *__pos);
/* Get the current position. */
extern long ftell(FILE *__fp);
/* Sets the file position to the start of the stream. */
extern void rewind(FILE *__fp);
** Error-handling functions.
/* Clear EOF and error flags in the stream. */
extern void clearerr(FILE *__fp);
/* Test the EOF flag. */
extern int feof(FILE *__fp);
/* Test the error flag. */
extern int ferror(FILE *__fp);
/* Print a message followed by strerror(errno) to stdout. */
extern void perror(char const *__s);
#ifdef __cplusplus
#endif /*__STDIO_H__*/